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FOREWORD
MDT. PAULO BATTISTELLA
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Having the opportunity to write the preface to Labline means knowing the conscious responsibility of leaving a message about how wonderful the profession of the Dental Technician is.In order to write, I have to go back 25 years and remember when I began my search for knowledge. I followed, both personally and by books and publications, masters like Geller, Kataoka, Aoshima, Ubassy, Müterthies, Hegenbarth, Sieber, Nondas, Bruguera… trips in ceramic factories, national and international courses, congresses. Every stage of this search for knowledge always makes us humans better and more evolved. It was about learning different cultures, habits, customs, etc… it was about learning how human relationships can make a difference in a person's life and the responsibility this brings when the focus is on the quest for more and more natural ceramics.
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INTERVIEW WITH DR. CARLOS AYALA PAZ

I’m an observer and a great admirer of nature. I have a passion for optical instruments, such as microscopes and everything related to micro-images. I am not only a dentist, but also an orthodontist and I have a degree in dentistry research.
spot My life changed when I started to observe nature and I found a way to capture it with images, pictures and photography, with the optical instruments of micro-photography, and then utilise all this information for educational purposes. I like seeing people get enthusiastic about studying, about nature, because I believe that when they learn more about how nature behaves, they will also have more respect for nature.
Dr. Cristian Abad-Coronel - COMPARISON OF TWO MATERIALS FOR CAD/CAM CERAMIC VENEERS WITH VERTICAL PREPARATIONS

Teamwork between the dentist and the dental technician is a way to success. No one could succeed without the other. An accurate diagnosis and a detailed treatment plan, executed accurately and truthfully at each stage, with reliable impressions, precise working models, suitable prosthetic design to the case, justified selection of the material, color, shape, size, compatible texture and a thorough protocol of cementing restorations with a responsible follow-up and periodic controls, guarantee a successful project with long-term predictability.
spot The virtual model has the great advantage that allows us to work virtually without causing physical damage to the model. The digital techniques reduce systematic errors, so that we can obtain more reliable results with the restorations. The marginal fit obtained through the CAD/CAM system has also been clinically acceptable, therefore this technique is highly recommended for its accuracy, trueness and speed. More long-term, randomized and parallel clinical studies are needed to scientifically demonstrate the techniques and materials described.
Dr. Sergey Chikunov - THE FEATURES OF FUNCTION AND AESTHETIC RESTORATION

The technique for providing prostheses in the front teeth of dentition with regard to sparing preparation of the hard tissue of supporting teeth was presented in the article. The peculiar features of prosthodontics in patients with higher esthetic demands and its advantages were determined.
spot Thus, the high standard of esthetics and little volumes of hard tissue grinding with no need for a preliminary devitalization of the supporting teeth for the above type of prostheses compared to the full crowns present the main advantages of the sparing technique in prosthodontics. Using the preliminary prostheses based on the diagnostic template and owing to the forms and sizes maximally close to those of the future permanent constructions,help achieve the planned functional and esthetic changes and is one of the complementary means of cooperation between the patient, the dentist and the dental technician.
MDT. Emanuele Tarascio - PLATINUM FOIL AND REFRACTORY DIE

Maxillary Anterior Microdontia (MAM) is a highly compromising situation from an esthetic point of view. It mostly involves young people and requires a minimally invasive treatment. In such a case when there is a discrepancy between arch size and teeth size, the orthodontic closure of spaces is not esthetically pleasant. A restorative treatment consisting in increasing size and improving shape represents a better solution.
spot In a case of size and shape discrepancy of the maxillary anterior dentition in a demanding young patient, ceramic bonded restorations are the treatment of choice. Feldspathic veneers, made by both the refractory die technique and the platinum foil one, offer the highest level of esthetic result combined with the least amount of tooth reduction. Patient satisfaction with minimally invasive treatments and good long term prognosis is today the main goal of an esthetic treatment.
DR. Nelson Diaz Simonin - LITHIUM DISILICATE PORCELAIN VENEERS LAMINATED WITH MINIMAL DENTAL INVASION

The scope of the current esthetic dentistry allows us to carry out more conservative treatments, without weaken the resistance of the restorations, with the benefit to the patients to perform these treatments with the minimum dental wear and with excellent aesthetic results. One of the main advantages of Lithium Disilacate (E.max Ivoclar Vivadent) is being able to handle cores of this material milled by CAD/CAM or pressed with a thickness of 0.2 mm and to make a porcelain layering on them to give a more aesthetic appearance.
spot The main advantages of making veneers with minimal dental invasion are zero or low dental reduction, absence of postoperative sensitivity, more stable and controlled adhesion due to the fact that we perform it in enamel, which allows a much longer bleaching. They are the reasons why patients prefer this technique more and more. Different authors have addressed this issue and their conclusions have been that the use of this technique is functional and reliable in daily clinical practice. These works have allowed to indicate the treatment with porcelain veneers as a safe and effective alternative to improve aesthetics and function in the anterior sector.
Dr. Rafael Laplana & Dr. Anabell Bologna - MINIMALLY INVASIVE ESTHETIC APPROACH IN FULL MOUTH RECONSTRUCTION WITH CERAMIC RESTORATIONS, IN YOUNG PATIENT

The perfect harmony between hard and soft tissue is the main goal in any restorative treatment. Ceramic veneers are a conservative treatment option, since they are esthetic restorations that preserve a significant amount of remaining healthy tooth structure.
spot The clinical success of this type of restorations depends not only on an adequate treatment planning, but also on the dentist’s and the dental technician’s clinical and technical knowledge about the evolution of restorative materials to develop long-lasting ultra-thin ceramic restorations, allowing to create a nice looking smile with an adequate function over time.
MDT. Taylan Sari - THE USE OF LANDMARK MEASUREMENTS

Anterior dental aesthetics has a major impact on general aesthetics. The harmony between the work of the clinician and the dental technician will result in success in creating this aesthetics. At this point, subjective criteria will lead to lack of communication and dissatisfaction in terms of aesthetics. Numerical measurements and analyses are crucial for making objective assessments and for the communication between the clinician and the technician.
spot This study was planned on the basis of a patient who applied with aesthetic complaints in the anterior region. Beside the routine aesthetic analyses, objective measurements were performed like intercanine distance for achieving the best aesthetic result.
MDT. Attila Forró - INTERNATIONAL KunstZahnWerk COMPETITION 2017

Mr. Edentulous has been wearing dentures for many years and suffered from ill-fitting prostheses right from the beginning, despite several remakes – particularly in the maxilla. Following extensive clinical and radiological examination, 6 CAMLOG implants were placed in the patient’s maxilla.
spot The patient’s rehabilitation will be carried out by a lower full denture and an upper hybrid bridge prosthesis (on 6 CAMLOG Titanium implants), following the physiological set-up system of CANDULOR. Due to the patient’s good hygiene, individual coloring of the teeth is not required. First, an upper diagnostic set-up is made. The reinforcement of the bridge prosthesis will be adjusted to that.
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FOREWORD BY NAOKI HAYASHI
IN 2017...
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The ideal aesthetic treatment would be something that looks aesthetically pleasing in the patient’s mouth without any excessive standout statements. It may reside in the patient’s mouth rather subtly from a third person’s point of view, but I believe that a beautiful restoration would nonetheless have a dramatic impact on the patient.A dentist and a technician strive for a common goal from the clinical diagnosis to the seating of the definitive restoration. Labline is a magazine remarkable for publishing educational articles with many beautiful pictures and for its page design. At the same time it is an enjoyable read for all dental professionals. I hope Labline will stay a valuable asset to the readers’ daily clinical practice for a long time.
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INTERVIEW WITH MDT. PAULO BATTISTELLA

Oh, Paulo Battistella is just an ordinary person. I think it is very important to say this. I am a normal person. I have dreams. I have a philosophy of life. I have a focus in how I do all my projects. My mind is working all the time in order to inspire me to inspire others as well.
spot Focus on what you want to achieve in your career!!! I am a very sensitive person. Sometimes it just comes like an inspiration out of nowhere. Something comes into my mind and I start doing it. I think it just comes naturally.
DR. CLAUDIA VOLPATO et.al. - CERAMICS AND ESTHETIC QUALITY

Traditionally, ceramics used as veneering materials and ceramic veneers are the feldspath-based material. Latest versions based on f luorapatite-leucite have been used for the same purpose, with excellent esthetic results. However, regardless of the used layering material , for the cl inical and technical procedures to be predictable, it is important that an excellent diagnostic wax-up be performed previously and thoroughly tested in the mouth by a diagnostic mock-up.
spot The technique allows to assess and control the depth of the preparat ion and faci l itate ceramic strat i ficat ion, since the dental technician has tested the dental shape previously in wax. In this case report, a ceramic crown and three veneers were made with a glass-ceramic based on fluorapatite-leucite. The surgical* and prosthetic s teps a re presented below.
JOSHUA POLANSKY - A TECHNICIANS JOURNEY

Mastering any skill is a timeless journey. There is no difference in mastering the art of fine watch making dating back to the 1800s and mastering dental technology today. It requires equal parts of passion, discipline, curiosity, resilience, and pain. Depending on how you approach your skill set will determine the end vision of what you are trying to achieve.
spot The magic happens on that journey, not necessarily the end vision. The following article is a visual inventory into my personal journey with dentistry and how I achieved passion, love, desire, pain, success, and failure all through the simple study of teeth.
DT. ALEK ARONIN - BONDED ¾ CROWNS AND PARTIAL VENEER

As we know, bonded restoration is usually used in non-invasive dentistry. But in this case, we used this type of restoration in order to keep the substructure of the traumatized teeth and provide an aesthetic result in the interior region.
spot The patient is a 12 years old boy who fell off his scooter. Teeth 11 and 21 were luxated palatal, medial corners of 11, 21 and 22 were broken furthermore the
centrals were oozing blood from the sulcus. After a couple of months of treatment and temporalization, the teeth were stable, asymptomatic and in full occlusion. We decided to go with bonded porcelain restoration.
DR. MARCO MAIOLINO - THE SINGLE VENEER CHALLENGE

It is a common experience among both dentists and dental technicians that the most challenging situation we have to face in our work is the restoration of a single tooth between healthy natural teeth. This is usually the greatest challenge of our profession. You cannot play, as it happens, with six veneers or crowns to produce a mimetic restoration. Natural teeth are there to stay and your work has to fit that space perfectly.
spot In these situations my first choice is the feldspathic veneer. In my opinion, it is the restoration that most easily blends with the natural neighboring teeth thanks to its contact lens feature and its optical and physical characteristics. The task is easier if we have to deal with cases like a small trauma where the remaining tooth substrate is the same color as the neighboring teeth.
DR. SAID SANCHEZ et. al. - PROSTHETIC REHABILITATION OF THE EDENTULOUS PATIENT

The prosthetic rehabilitation of the edentulous patient with implant overdentures has many advantages in comparison to conventional tissue-supported dentures in terms of retention, stability and chewing efficiency, resulting in high patient satisfaction. However, proper diagnosis and treatment planning are critical to obtain successful results.
spot Factors such as the number and distribution of implants, abutment selection, superstructure design, type of occlusion and opposing dentition are key aspects in the treatment planning of implant-retained overdentures. This clinical report describes in a systematic sequence the diagnosis, treatment planning and surgical prosthetic management in the rehabilitation of a completely edentulous patient using dental implants and a removable prosthesis personalized with pink composite.
RAFAEL SANCHEZ, DR. LARRY GRILLO - UPPER RECONSTRUCTION USING SCOOP TECHNIQUE

The restoration of a full upper arch with a combination of crowns and the restoration of the posterior lower arch.
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RODRIGO MONSANO - READING OF NONEXISTENT COLOR

In this article the challenge of reproducing unitary central incisors will be discussed. Consider the literal meaning of units: unique, because they are individual, peculiar in their characteristics and thus impossible to establish a rigid prescription that applies to all cases, here is the premise that each case is a case. This makes it fundamental to understand the variables that can influence the result when reproducing unitary teeth.
spot Color scales are widely used and are applied to present a reference in the standardization of ochres so that it is possible to communicate the color and even an initial reference when you do not know where to start. Although the spectrophotometers are good instruments to work with, they are still ancillary in color reading, their functioning mechanism consists of the transmission of light that interacts with the object and returns to the instrument.
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MDT. Oliver Brix
FOREWORD BY MDT. OLIVER BRIX
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After beginning a new year, it is usually the time to reflect on the past year and look towards the new one. The question will be left where we will be going in our profession and what kind of changes in the dental field we will face. New innovations and techniques will be presented at the IDS in March and tendencies will be shown as a barometer for all of us. Investments might have to be made or strategies might have to be developed specifically in terms of communication and digital workflow. We seem to be in an unbridled period of time concerning networking and global connection. Is that a kind of blessing or rather a pressure with the danger of losing our identity as craft-minded professionals? I believe the answer is somewhere in the middle as usual. Material releases and associated innovations, very often push us to a higher level with better and easier results and longevity.
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INTERVIEW WITH MDT. NAOKI HAYASHI

I am a dental technician and I always “play” with “dental”. Most of the dental technicians think that this is just a job, but for me, Naoki Hayashi, this is my life. I am a perfectionist and sometimes I don’t like this about myself. When I meet the dentists and the patients or when I give a lecture or a presentation, I want to have perfect cases to show perfect photos, the perfect presentation design and perfect movies.
spot My priority is the patient. The dental technician cannot make everything, but I think we can help the patient a little bit. I want to produce a restoration without the smallest imperfection. I believe it is completely unacceptable to find excuses about imperfection like lack of time for fixing it. The only result I am satisfied with is the perfect job.
ANGIE SEGATTO DDS., ATTILA BÖRÖCZKY MDT., EMIL SEGATTO DDS. PhD. - MULTIPLE MAXILLARY DIASTEMA CLOSURE


The less invasive therapy for the volumetric and dimensional deficiencies of teeth is the additive-only procedure with prep-less or no-prep porcelain veneers. In the cases when the dimensional deficiencies result in different sized space distribution, there are several choices at the clinician’s disposal. Nowadays, according to the modern minimally invasive approach, we make an effort to damage the teeth as little as possible.
spot The two-year long follow-up confirms that neither esthetic nor periodontal deformations have appeared around the veneers. In case of adequate indication, the perfectly implemented no-pre segmented veneers being well-treated by the patient ensure a perfect final clinical and esthetic outcome in the long term.
LUIS CALICCHIO et.al. - ART AND TECHNOLOGY: DIFFERENT POSSIBILITIES FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF A SMILE

The great challenge of cosmetic dentistry is the reproduction of the naturalness of a smile. The tooth structure to be created must be in harmony with the other existing teeth and the traits of the face and lips of the patient. For this, the human being seeks to mimic nature, having a model reference. The study of biomimetics revolutionized the way of making restorations for dentists and laboratory technicians.
spot Reproduction of a natural tooth is always a challenge for the dentist and the lab technician. The use of appropriate techniques and technology, combined with the talent of the ceramists allows us to create virtually invisible restorations. In the case presented we can see how the CAD/CAM can be a strong ally to the technician, facilitating the reproduction of the shape and texture of the surface of a tooth, ensuring maximum naturality.
LUZ ANGELA RAMÍREZ, TOLE ANDRADE, LUIS FERNANDO REY - BEYOND THE DENTAL CHAIR

Aesthetics has always been a fundamental part of human expression. Today, advertising in the media and social networks are persuading people about an ideal of beauty, where they can observe other people in beautiful places and with beautiful lives. Therefore, health and beauty are two concepts that have gotten importance in colombia and south america, motivating people to take decisions about aesthetic surgeries and dental procedures.
spot The popularity of dental designs in Colombia and South America has become an aesthetic trend. Each day the people seek help to look good, thanks to the influence of the media through aesthetic advertising or by their own conviction. Whatever the reason, contemporary dentistry can meet the expectations of patients by proposing treatments that are minimally invasive and aesthetically functional. The successful results have been achieved thanks to favourable evolution in the communication between dentist-technician and patient. Our biggest satisfaction will always be to receive a sincere smile full of gratitude from our patients and dentists. When we observe the role of emotions in the patient who experiences a real change in her life, we understand what is emotive dentistry.
DR. DIMITRIOS SPAGOPOULOS, MDT. NONDAS VLACHOPOULOS, DR. STRATIS PAPAZOGLOU - RESTORING CENTRALS WITH MINIMALLY INVASIVE PRINCIPLES

Due to the surgery the tissues in the area #12–22 became more reddish but they were clinically healthy. Apical to the free gingiva of the #11, 21, 22 scar tissue could be found. Discoloration of #21 was apparent when the patient smiled.
spot The prepared teeth were so conservatively prepared that they were mostly in enamel, therefore, they were etched for 30 seconds and a 4th generation bonding agent was applied. The intaglio surface of the veneers was etched with 9% hydrofluoric acid for 20 seconds and then orthophosphoric acid 36% was used to clean it.
MDT. PARK CHUL HAN, DR. DONGSUK KIM - A JOURNEY INTO THE UNKNOWN

My lateral teeth were microdont and had totally unbalanced appearance. I was disappointed about my edge-to-edge bite. As the saying goes, ‘You can’t shave your own head to be a Buddhist monk’. Therefore I asked my friend whether he can make laminates for me using non-invasive technology. I decided to have noninvasive laminates because I also work as a dental-technician and I know about the importance of aesthetics and function.
spot I wanted a journey into the unknown world with my friend. It was with REOX Art Oral Ceramic Powder. After the final stage of the treatment, I got more natural looks and a wonderful smile-line! And finally I got normal occlusion. I am a dental technician and my main field of interest is occlusion and aesthetics. After the final seating, I was satisfied with the result. I was very happy as a patient and friend with my new natural smile.
DR. RAFAEL LAPLANA, DR. ANABELL BOLOGNA - MINIMALLY INVASIVE ESTHETIC APPROACH IN FULL MOUTH REHABILITATION WITH CERAMIC RESTORATIONS, IN AGED DENTITION

The greatest clinical challenge when offering an aesthetic restorative treatment is to preserve as much of the remaining healthy tooth structure as possible while looking for simplicity and predictability in the restorative procedures, not only regarding function but also regarding longevity and durabilty of restorative materials, in order to achieve the aesthetic improvements from a functional approach. Nowadays, this is possible, due to two key elements: the adhesion, and the evolution of new generation restorative materials.
spot Final intraoral views show biological and functional integration in the full mouth rehabilitation. Smile and lower facial third show improvements in tooth proportions, while keeping a natural appearance regarding the characterization of aged teeth, which was highly requested by the patient. Pre- and post-treatment smiles are compared. The facial fullness is restored, and a better projection of the upper lip and a transversal support is achieved, which rejuvenates the lower facial third and the entire face.
PROF. LOUIS HARDAN - MOBILE DENTAL PHOTOGRAPHY (MDP): A NEW ERA IN DENTAL PHOTOGRAPHY

Nowadays, photography is becoming more powerful in dentistry and dentists are trying so hard to take good pictures for different purposes. For that reason a professional camera with all the accessories (ring flash, twin flash, macro-lens…) is needed, but not everyone can afford it or knows how to use it in the right way.
spot The procedure is so easy: Plug the Smile Lite MDP, open your mobile camera, zoom, focus, and take the picture, most of the time in Auto Mode. The results are very promising; by comparing pictures taken with professional cameras (DSLR) and Smile Lite MDP, the difference is getting smaller. With the evolution of mobile cameras, the future of MDP is becoming brighter.
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